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The People Who Fought at the Rosebud and Little Bighorn Battle

Album Description

This album will be a collection of primary sources connected to the Battle of the Little Bighorn, and the Rosebud Battle.

It will feature photos, text and information about the people who fought at the Rosebud Battle and the Little Bighorn Battle.

Social Studies/History Little Bighorn Battlefield Rosebud Battle Custer   bestof 

Soldiers and Warriors: Names of those who Fought

Teaching Notes

This is a webpage sponsored by the Friends of the Little Bighorn Battlefield.

Battle of the Little Bighorn Battle

Biographical Sketch Wooden Leg - National Park Service Brochure

Teaching Notes

This is a one page biographical sketch about Wooden Leg's involvement in both the Rosebud Battle and the Little Bighorn Battle.  

Wooden Leg Rosebud Battle Battle of the Little Bighorn Social Studies/History

He Dog - National Park Service Biographical Sketch

Teaching Notes

He Dog was a lifelong friend of Crazy Horse. He was born in the spring of 1840 on the headwaters of the Cheyenne River near the Black Hills. He Dog was the son of a headman named Black Stone and his wife, Blue Clay, was a sister of Red Cloud. He Dog and his brothers formed a small Oglala Lakota band known as the Soreback Band which was closely associated with Red Cloud's Bad Face Band of Oglala. As he achieved warrior status, participating in many fights with neighboring tribes, he eventually became a leader of Red Cloud's Bad Face band. He Dog participated in all of the major fights with the U. S. army during the Sioux War of 1876-1877.

He Dog Crazy Horse Sioux Rosebud Battle Little Bighorn Battle

Buffalo Calf Road Woman - Rosebud Battle

Teaching Notes

In 1876, the Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho people defended their sovereignty, their land, and their lives against the United States. The Rosebud and Little Bighorn battles proved the tribes’ military strength but ultimately contributed to tragic consequences for the victors. A young Cheyenne mother, Buffalo Calf Road Woman, fought alongside her brother and husband at both battles in defense of Cheyenne freedom.

Women Warriors Buffalo Calf Road Woman Cheyenne Rosebud Battle Little Bighorn Battle Biographical Sketch

American Indian Images - A Northern Cheyenne Album

Teaching Notes

"A Northern Cheyenne Album" photos and interview by Thomas B Marquis. Original captions by Wooden Leg.  Historical context by Margot Liberty.

Dr Thomas Marquis photographed and interviewed many of the warriors who fought at the Little Bighorn.

https://billingsgazette.com/news/features/magazine/american-indian-images/article_7879faa3-6215-52d0-a2f4-731c6c04a064.html

Margot Liberty Thomas B. Marquis Cheyenne Wooden Leg Little Bighorn Battle

Col Keogh - Marker

Teaching Notes

Gravestone marker taken 1877.

Lead the Way: Researching US Army Indian Scouts

Teaching Notes

Article from National Archives Prologue magazine about searching records for information on Indian Scouts 1866-1914.

Indian Scouts US Army National Archives Social Studies/History

How the Battle of the Little Bighorn was Won

Teaching Notes

Smithsonian article by Thomas Powers.  Gives account from native perspective.

Thomas Poweres Smithsonian Little Bighorn Battle

Native Warriors on Both Sides of the Battle of Little Bighorn

Teaching Notes

"One hundred and forty-one years ago, from the evening of June 25, 1876, to dusk on the 26th, General Armstrong Custer and his troops engaged in battle with the Sioux and Cheyenne at the Battle of Little Bighorn in Montana Territory.  As was often the case from the colonial through the expansion eras, Native Americans aligned on both sides of the battle; although in this case, only a few Army Scouts were involved with Custer."

Native Warriors Indian Scouts National Archives Little Bighorn Battl

Portrait of Brig. Gen. John Gibbon, officer of the Federal Army (Maj. Gen. from June 7, 1864)

Teaching Notes

General John Gibbon also wrote the book"The 1876 Yellowstone Expedition: Catastrophe at the Little Bighorn"

John Gibbon Social Studies/History

Reference note

Creator(s): Brady's National Photographic Portrait Galleries, photographer
Date Created/Published: [between 1860 and 1865]
Call Number: LC-B814- 1464 [P&P] LOT 4192 (corresponding photographic print)
Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Notes: Civil War photographs, 1861-1865 / compiled by Hirst D. Milhollen and Donald H. Mugridge, Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress, 1977. No. 0915 Title from Milhollen and Mugridge. Corresponding print is in LOT 4192. Credit line: Civil war photographs, 1861-1865, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division. General information about Civil war photographs is available at https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.cwp Forms part of: Civil war photographs, 1861-1865 (Library of Congress). Selected Civil War Photographs, 1861-1865.
Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865. Gibbon, John,--1827-1896.

Bismarck daily tribune., March 30, 1910, Image 6

Teaching Notes

Reference note

Newspaper: Bismarck daily tribune. (Bismarck, Dakota [N.D.]) 1881-1916
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042242/1910-03-30/ed-1/seq-6
Image provided by: State Historical Society of North Dakota
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042242/1910-03-30/ed-1/seq-6.pdf

The commoner., October 06, 1905, Page 14, Image 14

Reference note

Newspaper: The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/46032385/1905-10-06/ed-1/seq-14
Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/46032385/1905-10-06/ed-1/seq-14.pdf

The new North-west., July 07, 1876, Image 2

Teaching Notes

How the battle was reported.  Compare these reports with contemporary battles.  How are they the same and different?

Reference note

Newspaper: The new North-west. (Deer Lodge, Mont.) 1869-1897
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038125/1876-07-07/ed-1/seq-2
Image provided by: Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84038125/1876-07-07/ed-1/seq-2.pdf

PBS - The Battle of Little Bighorn An Eyewitness Account by the Lakota Chief Red Horse

Teaching Notes

I was a Sioux chief in the council lodge. My lodge was pitched in the center of the camp. The day of the attack I and four women were a short distance from the camp digging wild turnips. Suddenly one of the women attracted my attention to a cloud of dust rising a short distance from camp. I soon saw that the soldiers were charging the camp. To the camp I and the women ran. When I arrived a person told me to hurry to the council lodge. The soldiers charged so quickly we could not talk (council). We came out of the council lodge and talked in all directions. The Sioux mount horses, take guns, and go fight the soldiers. Women and children mount horses and go, meaning to get out of the way.

https://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/six/bighorn.htm

Little Bighorn Battle PBS Red Horse

The New Orleans daily Democrat., September 11, 1877, Page 5, Image 5

Teaching Notes

Sitting Bull and Great Sioux War

Reference note

Newspaper: The New Orleans daily Democrat. (New Orleans, La.) 1877-1880
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83026413/1877-09-11/ed-1/seq-5
Image provided by: Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83026413/1877-09-11/ed-1/seq-5.pdf

Journalist headed for Little Big Horn files dispatch

Teaching Notes

Marcus Kellogg, a journalist traveling with Custer’s 7th Cavalry, files one of his last dispatches before being killed at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.

Chicago daily tribune., July 07, 1876, Image 1

Teaching Notes

Coverage told from anglo perspective.

Reference note

Newspaper: Chicago daily tribune. (Chicago, Ill.) 1872-1963
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031492/1876-07-07/ed-1/seq-1
Image provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031492/1876-07-07/ed-1/seq-1.pdf

American citizen., July 15, 1876, Image 1

Teaching Notes

General Terry

Reference note

Newspaper: American citizen. (Canton, Miss.) 1864-1890
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016739/1876-07-15/ed-1/seq-1
Image provided by: Mississippi Department of Archives and History
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016739/1876-07-15/ed-1/seq-1.pdf

Helena weekly herald. [volume], July 20, 1876, Page 6, Image 6

Teaching Notes

Far West Steamboat 

Reference note

Newspaper: Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1876-07-20/ed-1/seq-6
Image provided by: Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1876-07-20/ed-1/seq-6.pdf

Garryowen

Teaching Notes

Background of the song Garryowen.  

Conjecture about how it came to be chosen for the 7th Cavalry. (1) Custer's knowledge of it in the Civil War (2) Captain Miles Keogh, an Irishman and a former member of the Papal Guard.  The song's connection with the 7th seems to predate Keogh.

Bismarck weekly tribune., July 12, 1876, Image 1

Teaching Notes

Bismarck Tribune - reported fallen officers including Lt Miles Keogh.

Reference note

Newspaper: Bismarck weekly tribune. (Bismarck, D.T. [N.D.]) 1875-1878
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022129/1876-07-12/ed-1/seq-1
Image provided by: State Historical Society of North Dakota
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022129/1876-07-12/ed-1/seq-1.pdf

Bismarck tribune., May 07, 1880, ILLUSTRATED EDITION, Image 1

Teaching Notes

General information about travel, transportation and steamboats.

Reference note

Newspaper: Bismarck tribune. (Bismarck, D.T. [N.D.]) 1878-1884
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042331/1880-05-07/ed-2/seq-1
Image provided by: State Historical Society of North Dakota
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042331/1880-05-07/ed-2/seq-1.pdf

Art in America - Wendy Red Star

Teaching Notes

Wendy Red Star is a gifted artist, she is a member of the Crow tribe.  

I am also including a link to another interview where she took historic pictures of Crow Leaders and reproduced them and then added biographical information to the photos.

I have used this strategy with other students with great success.  It especially works well with students who struggle with writing.

https://aperture.org/blog/wendy-red-star/

https://www.missoulaartmuseum.org/files/files/Art%20In%20America%20Interview%20with%20Wendy%20Red%20Star_Nov%208%202017.pdf 

Rain-In-The-Face. (Sioux Indian) / A. Zeese & Co., Chi.

Teaching Notes

Controversy:  Did he really kill Custer?

Custer Little Bighorn Battle Sioux Social Studies/History

Reference note

Summary: Rain-In-The-Face, half-length portrait, facing slightly right, in traditional Sioux costume.
Contributor Names: A. Zeese & Co., photographer
Created / Published: [c1893, published 1894]
Subject Headings: -  Rain in the Face,--approximately 1835-1905
-  World's Columbian Exposition--(1893 :--Chicago, Ill.)--People
-  Indians of North America--North Dakota--Physical characteristics--1890-1900
-  Indians of North America--North Dakota--Clothing & dress--1890-1900
-  Siouan Indians--North Dakota--Physical characteristics--1890-1900
-  Siouan Indians--North Dakota--Clothing & dress--1890-1900
-  Ethnic groups--North Dakota--1890-1900
Notes: -  Copyright 1893 by Place & Coover.
-  Illus. in: Oriental portrait types of the midway plaisance. St. Louis, Mo. : Published by N.D. Thompson Pub. Co., 1894 March 15, illus. 7.
Repository: Digital Id: cph 3c04681 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c04681

Gen. George Crook, U.S.A.

Teaching Notes

Involved in the Rosebud Battle.

Reference note

Created / Published: [between 1870 and 1880]
Genre: Portrait photographs--1870-1880
Glass negatives--1870-1880
Notes: -  Title from unverified information on negative sleeve.
-  Annotation from negative, scratched into emulsion: 2633, Gen George Crook, 30695.
-  Credit line: Brady-Handy photograph collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
-  Purchase; Alice H. Cox and Mary H. Evans; 1954.
-  General information about the Brady-Handy photograph collection is available at https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.brhc
-  Forms part of: Brady-Handy photograph collection (Library of Congress).
Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
Digital Id: cwpbh 04032 https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cwpbh.04032

Painting on muslin by White Swan

Teaching Notes

Article written by Nancy McClure (Buffalo Bill Center of the West)

Crow warrior and Army Scout White Swan was one of six scouts serving under the command of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer during the two days of the Battle of Little Bighorn, June 25–26, 1876. White Swan was 25 years old when he fought alongside U.S. Army troops and Crow and Arikara scouts during Major Marcus Reno’s attack of the Indian camps near the Little Bighorn River. What occurred in the river valley and on the bluffs above—an unprecedented defeat of large and well-armed regiments of Army soldiers and their leaders—would change White Swan’s life, as well as American history. Because White Swan was an Army scout, military records documented his wounds. He was shot in the right hand, right knee, and thigh, and was struck in the head by a Sioux warrior’s weapon, rendering him deaf and mute for the rest of his life. In the tradition of male Indian warriors and artists, White Swan recorded this and other momentous battles from his lifetime in a complex narrative, filled with movement and violence. The muslin became the voice and words for his graphic memories. 

Buffalo Bill Center of the West White Swan Little Bighorn Battle Crow Scout Ledger Art   https://centerofthewest.org/2018/03/01/treasures-white-swan-muslin/

Annotated Picture of Medicine Crow.png

Teaching Notes

This is an example of Wendy Red Star's work.  https://aperture.org/blog/wendy-red-star/   This inspired a teaching strategy to get students to take biographical information and annotate a photo of the person.  This also helps students summarize.

Wendy Red Star Medicine Crow Teaching Strategy Little Bighorn, album Social Studies/History English/Language Arts

Strategy - Pairing Paintings & Primary Source.pdf

Teaching Notes

Teaching Notes: This lesson is an adaptation of a framework created by Martha Kohl at the Montana Historical Society. It provides students the opportunity to examine a visual source and compare it to a piece of text, (primary or secondary source). Students are asked to look at the visual image and the text for a geographical perspective.

Write a reflection Comparing and contrasting the two pieces to gain a deeper understanding. An optional assignment is to have the students answer a writing prompt using the paired texts. This truly becomes a higher-level reading, thinking, and writing activity when you use a paired passage. There are two separate segments to this lesson. One with art questions to look at the visual piece. The second segment looks at the text and visual portion together. This combination creates a complex text.

Article about Daniel Long Soldier (Contemporary artist) https://rapidcityjournal.com/thechadronnews/community/long-soldier-s-paintings-tell-native-american-stories/arti cle_1933fcb8-acab-11e0-9215-001cc4c03286.htm

Social Studies/History Little Bighorn Battle Teaching Strategies Daniel Long Soldier Ledger Art Pairing Pictures and Text

The Daytona daily news., January 03, 1911, Image 3

Teaching Notes

Description of the mourning and loss of the soldiers from the white community.

This would also be a good place to use the Harvard Project Zero Strategy - Circle of Viewpoints   http://www.pz.harvard.edu/resources/circle-of-viewpoints-vt

Social Studies/History Battle of the Little Bighorn

Reference note

Newspaper: The Daytona daily news. (Daytona, Fla.) 1903-1926
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93063916/1911-01-03/ed-1/seq-3
Image provided by: University of Florida
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93063916/1911-01-03/ed-1/seq-3.pdf

Custer's battlefield. Lettering the head-boards

Teaching Notes

This would be a good picture to pair with the newspaper  https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93063916/1911-01-03/ed-1/seq-3/#date1=1789&index=5&rows=20&words=battle+Bighorn+Little&searchType=basic&sequence=0&state=&date2=1963&proxtext=Little+Bighorn+Battle&y=0&x=0&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=1   

The Daytona daily news., January 03, 1911, Image 3  This is a secondary source as it was published in 1911.

Reference note

Creator(s): Morrow, Stanley J., photographer
Date Created/Published: Yankton, D.T. : Photographed and published by S.J. Morrow, [1879]
Summary: Photograph shows a man putting letters on a wood cross reading: "J.J. Crittenden, Lieut. 20 Infty" . Cross marks the grave of Lieutenant John Jordan Crittenden III (1854-1876) who died at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.
Call Number: LOT 3038 [item] [P&P]
Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
Notes: Title from item. Date from: Where Custer fell / James S. Brust, Brian C. Pohanka, Sandy Barnard. Norman : University of Oklahoma Press, c2005. From the series: Photographic Views from the Great North-West. No. 35. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Caption card tracings: Death; PI; US History; Cemeteries Montana Little Bighorn Battlefield; Shelf.
Subjects: Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876--Aftermath. Tombs & sepulchral monuments--Montana--1870-1880. Battlefields--Montana--1870-1880. Little Bighorn Battlefield (Mont.)--1870-1880.

General Custer's death struggle. The battle of the Little Big Horn / H. Steinegger ; S.H. Redmond del. ; Lith. Britton, Rey & Co. S.F.

Reference note

Summary: Print showing
Contributor Names: Steinegger, H. (Henry), 1831-1917, artist
Britton, Rey & Co., printer
Created / Published: [San Francisco] : Published by The Pacific Art Co. of San Francisco, [1878?], c1878 March (S.F. : Lith. Britton, Rey & Co.)
Subject Headings: -  Custer, George A.--(George Armstrong),--1839-1876
-  Little Bighorn, Battle of the, Mont., 1876
-  Cavalry--American--Montana--1870-1880
-  Indians of North America--War--1870-1880
Notes: -  I4100 U.S. Copyright Office.
-  Title from item.
-  Published by the Pacific Art Co. of San Francisco. Incorporated under the laws of the State of California.
-  Copyright March 1878 by The Pacific Art Co.
-  Copyright deposit stamp in lower left corner.
-  Trimmed to top of image.
Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Digital Id: pga 04166 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pga.04166
cph 3a04048 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a04048

Mary Crawler's Interview and Red Cloud Coverage

Teaching Notes

Mary Crawley, a Sioux Woman who fought in the Little Bighorn Battle is interviewed.

Published  The Dillon Examiner (Dillon, Mont.), 30 Sept. 1925, located at <http://montananewspapers.org/lccn/sn85053034/1925-09-30/ed-1/seq-9/>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.

Also she excerpt about the "Moving Robe Woman" (Mary Crawley) from the book "Lakota Recollections of the Custer Fight: New Sources of Indian - Military History; compiled and edited by Richard G. Hardorff. Moving Robe Woman Mary Crawley Little Bighorn Battle

Contemporary Ledger Artist Daniel Long Soldier

Teaching Notes

Daniel Long Soldier grew up with these family stories.  He is a contemporary ledger artist.  This link takes you to prints that are available for sale that he did of the Battle of the Little Bighorn and Rosebud Battle.   http://www.greenwichworkshop.com/details/default.asp?p=3348&a=342&t=1&page=1&detailtype=artist

Moving Robe Woman - as told by Rain-In-the-Face

Teaching Notes

Little Bighorn Battle Rain-in-the-Face The Ekalaka Eagle (Ekalaka, Mont.), 20 Nov. 1925, located at <http://montananewspapers.org/lccn/sn85053092/1925-11-20/ed-1/seq-6/>, image provided by MONTANA NEWSPAPERS, Montana Historical Society, Helena, Montana.

Rain-In-the-Face recalls what he saw of Moving Robe Woman during the battle.

Rain-In-The-Face Little Bighorn Battle Moving Robe Woman Mary Crawley Social Studies/History

Moving Robe Woman.pdf

Teaching Notes

Excerpt from the book Lakota Recollections of the Custer Fight:  New Sources of Indian Military History; compiled and edited by Richard G. Hardorff.

Moving Robe Woman, also known as Mary Crawley fought in the Little Bighorn Battle. Lakota Recollections of the Custer Fight Moving Robe Woman Mary Crawley Social Studies/History Little Bighorn Battle

'

Teaching Notes

This is the clip of the song Garryowen  Just over 2 min Garryowen Died With Their Boots On Little Bighorn Battle

Reference note

'Clip from the 1941 film "They Died With Their Boots On" (140 min)'

LBH Warriors.pdf

Teaching Notes

This is a 52 page database with the names of Warriors who fought in the Little Bighorn Battle.  It shows tribal affiliation and source information.  Great place to start.

Warriors Little Bighorn Battle

That Time When Custer Stole A Horse

Teaching Notes

Article from the Smithsonian about Custer stealing a horse.

Custer Social Studies/History

Isaiah Dorman and the Battle of the Little Bighorn

Teaching Notes

Isaiah Dorman died at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.  This link is the information from the National Park service.

Isaiah had been married to a Sioux woman.  When he fought with the cavalry he was looked at as a traitor.

This link takes you to a contemporary piece of Ledger Art created by Daniel Long Soldier depicting Moving Robe Woman killing him in battle.   http://www.greenwichworkshop.com/details/default.asp?p=3347&t=1

Isaiah Dorman Moving Robe Woman Little Bighorn Battle Social Studies/History

The Powder River County examiner and the Broadus independent., October 28, 1921, Image 7

Teaching Notes

This newspaper was published in 1921, recounting the fight at Little Bighorn.

Reference note

Newspaper: The Powder River County examiner and the Broadus independent. (Broadus, Mont.) 1919-1935
Newspaper Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036256/1921-10-28/ed-1/seq-7
Image provided by: Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT
PDF Link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036256/1921-10-28/ed-1/seq-7.pdf

One Bull's Map

Teaching Notes

The ‘Map’ (Wowapi) of Tatanka Wajina (One Bull) … an article submitted by Welch to the National Geographic Society, 1934.

https://www.welchdakotapapers.com/2011/11/little-big-horn-survivors-talk-to-welch/#one-bulls-and-white-bulls-pictographic

MEMORIALIZING THE LITTLE BIGHORN paper.docx

Teaching Notes

This paper was written by Dr. Tim Lehman.   He has graciously given permission to include it in this album.

Dr Lehman Tim Lehman Little Bighorn Battle Custer Tim Lehman Bloodshed at Little Bighorn Social Studies/History is also the author of Bloodshed at Little Bighorn.

MOVING ROBE WOMAN INTERVIEW.doc

Teaching Notes

This is an interview with Moving Robe Woman.   Moving Robe Woman Battle of Little Bighorn Battle

Adversity and Renewal

Teaching Notes

Cheyenne chiefs in council on the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Little Bighorn, July 26, 1926. MS 165 Thomas Marquis Native American Nitrate Negative Collection. PN.165.1.24

This website is connected to the Buffalo Bill Center of the West. Little Bighorn Battle Buffalo Bill Center of the West Cheyenne Thomas Marquis Social Studies/History

PLAINS INDIAN WEAPONS—PART 2: STONE WAR CLUB

Teaching Notes

Pictures and explanation about the Stone War Clubs, used by the Plains Indians. Stone War Clubs Little Bighorn Battle

Wooden Leg - Depicting an Event at the Custer Battle

Teaching Notes

This is a pdf from the magazine "Points West" Summer 2001.  On page 17 there is a photograph ow Wooden Legs depicting an event from Custer's Battle.  The original photograph is in the Buffalo Bill Museum - Center of the West.

Buffalo Bill Museum Wooden Leg Little Bighorn Battle Social Studies/History

Prelude to the Little Bighorn: Deadly Attack on Indian village Reveals Army Bungling

Teaching Notes

Billings Gazette June 20, 1910.

Article about the March 1876 Battle

Ledger art shows Wooden Leg rescuing two children when Col. Joseph J. Reynolds' soldiers attacked lodges of Cheyenne on the Powder River in March 1876.

Little Bighorn Battle Wooden Leg Thomas Marquis

A Lakota Sioux Warrior’s Eyewitness Drawings of Little Bighorn

Teaching Notes

Article talking about Red Horse and his drawing depicting his view of the Little Bighorn Battle.

Little Bighorn Battle Red Horse Ledger Art

Sioux Survivors of the Battle of the Little Big Horn (Custer's Last Stand) - Post Card

Teaching Notes

This postcard is in the MT Memory Project.   https://mtmemory.org/digital/collection/p16013coll91/id/83/

The actual photograph was taken in 1948.

Little Bighorn Battle   Sioux Social Studies/History

General Crook's Army crossing the west fork of Goose Creek the day before the Battle of the Rosebud, June 18th, 1876

Teaching Notes

Just before the Rosebud Battle.

Reference note

Created / Published: 1876.
Notes: -  Illus. in: Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 1876 Oct 14.
-  Reference copy may be in LOT 4391-G.
-  This record contains unverified, old data from caption card.
-  Caption card tracings: Indians of N.A. Wars 1876; Army, U.S.; B.I.
Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
Digital Id: cph 3b22056 //hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3b22056

The Benton record., August 04, 1876, Image 2

Teaching Notes

Civilian comments.  Looks at how civilians were responding to the battle.

Social Studies/History

Abdul-Hamid II, the present Sultan of Turkey Montana Territory - the Sioux campaign - the Battle of Wolf Mountains, January 8th, between the command of General Mines and the confederate bands of Indians under Crazy Horse /

Teaching Notes

Wolf Mountain Campaign   https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/94501468/

Reference note

Date Created/Published: 1877.
Call Number: Illus. in AP2.L52 Case Y [P&P]
Notes: Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, 1877 May 5, p. 156.
Subjects: Abdülhamid--II,--Sultan of the Turks,--1842-1918. Butte, Battle of, 1877. Indians of North America--Montana--War--1870-1880. Siouan Indians--War--1870-1880.

Sitting Bull, three-quarter-length portrait, seated, facing front, holding calumet

Teaching Notes

Sitting Bull

Reference note

Creator(s): Goff, O. S. (Orlando Scott), 1843-1917, photographer
Date Created/Published: c1881.
Call Number: LOT 12940 [item] [P&P]
Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Notes: Title devised by Library staff. Photo copyrighted 1881 by O. S. Goff. Caption on mount: Sitting Bull.
Subjects: Sitting Bull,--1831-1890.

Chief Gall

Teaching Notes

Portrait of Chief Gall Chief Gall Social Studies/History

Victor in Defeat

Teaching Notes

National Archives -  Primary Source about  Chief Gall   https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2008/fall/gall.html

Chief Gall

The teller., December 09, 1876, Image 3

Teaching Notes

Nov fight with Mckenzie.  Chief Dull Knife (Cheyenne) is mentioned.